Adjective, Kinds of adjectives, Uses of Adjectives, Examples and Exercises of Adjectives

Adjective (A Qualifying Word)
An adjective is a word that modifies or gives more information about a noun or pronoun. An adjective tells us the size, color, number or kind of a noun. Describing and qualifying nouns and pronouns are the primary functions of adjectives. Adjectives fall into a broad class of words called modifiers.
A modifier is any word that acts to describe or qualify another word in such a way that it changes the other word’s meaning.
Good, Beautiful, Tall, Red, Old, Hot, Sweet, Big, Brave, Clever, Noble, Deep, High, Heavy, Happy, Easy, Young
He is a brave man.
Ali is a clever boy.
The king, fearless and determined, moved forward.
This box is very heavy.
He is a Pakistani player.
This is your house.
Each pen costs five rupees.
Lahore is a large city.
I have enough sugar.
He is an honest man.
The two brothers are in the same class.
Adjective Phrase:
When a group of words does the work of an adjective, it is called Adjective Phrase.
For example:
of great nobility, with long hair, of great promise, a bed of roses,
He was a lad of great promise.
Life is not a bed of roses.
A girl with long hair came here.

Kinds of Adjectives

There are eight kinds of Adjectives:
1. Adjective of Quality
Adjectives of Quality or Descriptive Adjectives show the quality, kind or condition of a person or a thing. Adjectives of quality are also called Descriptive or Qualifying Adjectives.
Lahore is a large city.
I live in a small house.
She wears a red cap.
Ali is a brave boy.
Parveen is a wise lady.
2. Adjectives of Quantity
Adjectives of quantity show the quantity or degree or magnitude of a thing. Adjectives of quantity tell how much of a thing is meant.
Little, a little, some, all, both, sufficient, enough, half, any, whole, great, much, no, etc.
The child took some milk.
She displayed much endurance.
There is not sufficient light in the room.
A little knowledge is dangerous.
Take great care of your character in this evil-ridden society.
3. Adjectives of number
Adjectives of number are the adjectives that tell how many persons or things are meant, or in what order a person or thing stands.
Adjectives of numbers are:
Few, a few, many, all, some, most, first, second, one, two, three, etc.
I have two pens.
She got first division in the examination.
Here are some ripe mangoes.
Most boys like cricket.
4. Demonstrative Adjectives
Demonstrative Adjectives are the adjectives that show which or what thing or person is meant.
this, that, these, those, such, same
This box is very heavy.
That gentleman has childlike habits.
I hate such an attitude.
These girls have curly hair and blue eyes.
5. Distributive Adjectives
Distributive Adjectives show that things are taken separately.
Each, Every, Either, Neither
Each pen costs ten rupees.
Every boy was given some sweets.
Either Ali or Rizwan will have to do it.
Neither edition of the book was good.
6. Interrogative Adjectives
Interrogative Adjectives are the adjectives that are used with nouns for asking questions.
what, which, whose
What places would you like to see in Lahore?
Which way does the wind blow?
Whose pen is this?
7. Possessive Adjectives
Possessive Adjectives are the adjectives that are used with nouns to show the possession of a thing.
my, your, his, her, its, our, their
This is my book.
This is your house.
We have achieved our goals.
This tree sheds its leaves in autumn.
8. Proper Adjectives
Proper adjectives are formed from proper nouns.
He is an English man.
He is a Pakistani player.
He deals in Persian rugs.