Adverbs, Adverb Phrase, Kinds of Adverbs, Examples and Exercises

Adverb (A Qualifying Word)
Adverbs are words which tell us the qualities of a verb, an adjective, a conjunction, a preposition, or another adverb. Adverbs even modify, or tell the qualities of a phrase or sentence. In other words they give us more information about verbs, adjectives, clauses and other adverbs. Adverbs often end in –ly, but some look exactly the same as their adjectives (fast).
fast, here, up, inside, outside, within, ago, before, already, early, nicely, badly, quickly, very, much, often, no, yes , When, How, Why, where, etc.
Ali runs fast.
Aslam is very good boy.
They talked loudly.
Mangoes are nearly ripe.
Never shall I believe you.
This is the place where I was born.
She was sitting close beside me.
Probably he is mistaken.
He reads very clearly.
The boy works hard.
Adverb Phrase or Adverbial
When only one word is used to modify or qualify the meaning of an adjective, verb or another adverb, it is called Simple Adverb. When this job is done by a group of words, it is called an Adverbial or an Adverb Phrase.
with great speed, in the field, in a hurried manner, at this moment, in no time, before long
For Example:
The children are playing there.
The children are playing in the field.
In the first example “there” is a simple adverb; in the second example “In the field” is an adverbial or adverb phrase.

Kinds of Adverbs

Adverbs are divided into the following three main kinds:
1. Simple Adverbs
2. Relative Adverbs
3. Interrogative Adverbs

1. Simple Adverbs

Simple adverbs are divided into the following kinds:
Adverbs of Place:
They tell us of the place where some action is being done.
Here, there, up, inside, outside, within, above, far, near, in, out, everywhere, etc.
Please stand here.
He was sitting outside.
See above!
They sat far away from each other.
You find fast food stores everywhere.
Adverbs of Time:
Words or group of words which tell of the time of an action are called Adverbs or Adverbial of time.
Ago, before, already, early, immediately, late, now, then ,soon, after, etc.
He went home a few hours ago.
Today the train arrived late.
Never shall I believe you.
He passed immediately behind her.
she graduated early.
Adverb of Manner:
It tells about the manner the action takes place and is usually formed by adding -ly to descriptive adjectives.
Nicely, badly, quickly, gladly, soundly, clearly, fluently, sadly, slowly, etc.
This book is well written.
They talked loudly.
She reads clearly.
It was nicely painted house.
Adverbs of degree:
They tell us how much to what extent, or in what degree ,an action is done .
Very, much, too, quite, almost, partly, entirely, more , most, less, etc.
He was too careless to be mended .
The mangoes are nearly ripe.
He runs very fast.
She was quite alone.
Adverbs of Number or Frequency:
They tell us how often or how many times or how frequently an action is done.
Newer, often, seldom, always, once, twice, again, frequently, thrice, sometimes, firstly, etc.
I have read this book thrice.
He never comes late.
He always speaks the truth.
We frequently met over a cup of tea.
Adverbs of Affirmation and Negation:
They tell us that some action is done or not done.
Not, no, yes, indeed, perhaps, certainly, little, hardly, never, ever, etc.
It is not my book.
I will certainly help you.
Perhaps you are right.
She was indeed grateful.
Adverbs of Reason, Purpose or consequence:
They tell us why some action was done or not done,
Hence, therefore, consequently, accordingly, likewise, etc.
He is ill, so he cannot go to the college
He did not work hard and, therefore, he failed.
Parents and teachers likewise demanded reforms.
She acted accordingly.

2. Relative Adverbs

When the interrogative adverbs, When, How, Why, Where, What, etc. are used to join two clauses or sentence, they are called Relative Adverbs.
This is the place where I was born.
I do not know why he disobeyed me.
I do not know the time when the Karachi Express arrives.
I do not know how he earned so much money.
The doctor could not tell what the condition of the patient was.
I can tell you how much wheat he has hoarded.
At the interview he could not tell how many years the British ruled India.

3. Interrogative Adverbs

The adverbs which are used for asking question are called Interrogative Adverbs.
Like simple adverbs these indicate time, place, number, manner, quality, state, quality , degree, cause or reason, etc.
when, where, why, and how, whence, whither, how often , how many, how far, etc.
Why is the child weeping? (Cause or reason)
Where do you live? (Place)
How do you go to your office? (Manner)
How long will you take to finish it? (Time)
When do you go to college? (Time)
How many boys are there in the class? (Number)
How are you? (State)
How far can you help me? (Extent)