Pronoun, Kinds of Pronouns, Examples & Exercises

Pronoun (A replacing word)
A pronoun is a word used in place of a noun or a noun phrase. A pronoun replaces a noun or noun phrase. It takes the place of noun or stands in for an unknown noun. A pronoun is a Noun-equivalent. It is used to save the repetition of a noun. The noun which the pronoun replaces is called its antecedent.
Ali is absent, because he is ill.
“Ali” is the antecedent of the pronoun “he”.
A pronoun must agree with its antecedent. Therefore, if the antecedent is plural, use a plural pronoun, if the antecedent is feminine, use a feminine pronoun. The antecedent of a pronoun should be clear. Confusion is created when the pronoun in a sentence could relate to two or more of the nouns present.
Ali told his brother he was playing very well.
In this sentence, the pronoun “he” could refer to either “Ali” or “his brother”.
Pronouns have the same four properties as nouns: gender, person, number and case.
I, we, you, they, he, she, it, this, that, whom, whose, what, etc.
This book is mine.
This is my book.
That pen is yours.
I myself make these toys.
Do good to others and forget.
I know the man who painted this picture.
What he proposed, was agreed to by all.
Who is knocking at the door.
I met a man, whose name I do not know.
It is fine today.
They kept on playing.

Kinds of Pronouns

Kinds of pronouns are:
1) Personal pronouns
A personal pronoun is used for the name of a person. Each personal pronoun denotes to a particular person or group of persons. Personal pronouns have the same gender and number as the nouns for they are used. They are called “personal” because they refer to the people involved in the act of communication.
The first person refers to the speaker or writer of the message.
I, me, mine, myself, we, us, ours, ourselves
I believe in love.
This book is mine.
We are friends.
I myself worked hard.
The second person stands for the person with whom the speaker is speaking or the person spoken to.
You, yours, yourself/selves
You played well.
Blue shirt is yours.
Are you going to do it yourself?
I think you should clean up the mess yourselves.
The third person stands for person or thing spoken of.
He, him, his, himself, she, hers, herself; it, its, itself, them, theirs, themselves.
Ali plays cricket. He plays well.
How does she look?
It is fine today.
They are good players.
2) Distributive pronouns
A Distributive pronoun denotes one person or thing out of more than one at a time. For this reason. they are always singular and as such followed by the verb in the singular.
Each, either, neither
Each of the boys was punished.
Neither of the boys was passed.
Either of you can go.
Neither of the girls was present.
3) Reflexive Pronouns
Reflexive Pronouns are formed by adding self to my, your, her, him, it and selves to our, your, them.
They are always used as objects and never as subjects. They are used when the action done by the subject is reflected back, or turns back on the subject. In other words when the subject and object are the same person. No reflexive pronoun can be the subject of a sentence. It lacks possessive form. The reflexive pronouns often refer back to the subject of the sentence.
Myself, Yourself, Himself, Herself, Itself, Ourselves, Yourselves, Themselves
I gave myself the day off.
You will hurt yourself.
Are you going to do it yourself?
The planning was more fun than the journey itself.
Everybody decides for themselves.
It may also fill an emphatic role:
They are, also, used to lay emphasis on the subject of the sentence. Therefore, they are often placed after the subject.
I myself make these toys.
Ali himself went there.
The village itself is quite small.
4) Demonstrative pronouns
A demonstrative Pronoun is so called because it points to some noun going before, and is used instead of it. Demonstrative pronouns indicate the nouns, they are replacing. There are just two demonstrative pronouns.
This, That, These, Those.
This is my book.
These are flowers.
She may buy that.
5) Relative Pronouns
Relative Pronoun refers to some Noun going before and also joins two sentences together. Relative Pronouns perform two functions at the same time. They take the place of nouns as normal pronouns would, but they also connect those replaced nouns to subordinate clauses. It serves the purpose of both a Pronoun and a Conjunction.
Who, Which, That, Why, What, When.
I know the man who painted this picture.
He is the man whom I hold in great esteem.
What he proposed, was agreed to by all.
I shall listen to what you have to say.
The day when I will play in national team is coming soon.
6) Interrogative pronouns
Interrogative pronouns are used for asking questions. They are used in place of the noun which we get in answer to the question.
Who, Which, Whom, What, Whose
What is this?
This is a book.
In this question “what” has been used instead of, a book.
Whose book is this?
Who is knocking at the door?
Which is your house?
What is your name?
7) Reciprocal pronouns
The pronouns phrases “Each other” and “one another” are known as reciprocal pronouns. The action of each member of the group that the pronouns phrases stand for affects all the other members of that group.
Use “Each other” when the group consists of just two people, animals or things.
Use “one another” when the group consists of more than two people, animals, or things.
The two friends helped each other through tough times.
The four of us help one another out of our current predicament.
8) Indefinite pronouns
“Indefinite pronouns” are those which mention persons or things in general (not in particular). Indefinite pronouns have no specific antecedents. They do not point to any person, place, or thing. Instead, these pronouns stand for an individuals or group in a general or indefinite way. Some common indefinite pronouns are:
none, any, one, neither, everyone, someone, such, anyone, everybody, some, others, etc.
One should do one’s duty.
Do good to others and forget.
What is everybody’s business is nobody’s business.
One should preserve one’s honor.
None of my lost books were found.
9) Possessive Pronouns
Possessive pronouns are used to show possession.
There are two sets of possessive pronouns:
(A) My, Our, Your, His, Her, Their, Its (Determiners)
(B) Mine, Ours, Yours, His, Hers, Theirs (Possessive Pronouns)
Words in group (A) are called Determiners or Possessive Adjectives because they are not used in place of a noun but they come just before the noun over which the possession is shown.
Words in group (B) are called Possessive Pronouns. The noun which they possess is not used after them.
This is my book. (Possessive adjective)
Your house is clean. (Possessive adjective)
This book is mine. (Possessive Pronoun)
That pen is yours. (Possessive Pronoun)